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   * From: (Robert Byrne)
   * Date: Thu, 9 Feb 95 20:48:51 +1000 [59]
   * Subject: ideas on how to make chaotic cigarette smoke

Hello Allan, here's a couple of suggestions I've found, but can't take credit for. I've tested the Particles method but 1 frame took about 23 hours to render on an A3000. The texture method would be worth trying first.


Check this Tutorial out:

-Detail Editor

  -add primitives: sphere

-attributes: color 128,128,128 fog 180

CLRNOIZ TEXTURE: color 64,64,64 r,g,b,color vary 0

-particles: cube random align interpolated dimension 150 units

-save object

-Action Editor

  -add particle effect to loaded sphere (to all anim frames)

(TOT == number of frames)

emission travel distance 100 units scaling 1 time to terminal h 2 elasticity 50 time to terminal z TOT velocity .5 min angle x -5 max angle x 5 wind velocity 5 wind angle 33 wind start -TOT (minus TOT) wind stop TOT emission 95% SET ALL OTHER VALUES TO 0

REMEMBER: add a backdrop picture, plane or something else behind the particle object because it is a fog obj!!! -- do you want see a blank/black screen?


I've just been playing with the Nebular texture to create a little animated smoke. Works great, and I just thought some of you with 3.0 might make some use of this info.

Remember to render fog objects in front of a background object, and that this texture will apply to the area bounded by the texture axis, not the entire object. Scale the texture axis to affect the shape of the fog.

General Notes:

Noise 1 seems to affect the quality of the swirls. Higher numbers adjust the thickness and reduce the transparency. Noise 2 affects color transitions, color intensity of nebular color as set in texture requester, and color mixture, or grain. Grain appears as a very pointillated surface, as if there are thousands of dots of color rather than a smooth gradation or defined boundaries between object and nebula colors. Higher numbers of Noise 2 intensify the nebular color and increase grain.

Fog length and the 'T' value work together to determine amount and density of the fog appearing on the object. For stills I would set the 'T' value between .6 and .8, object fog length at .1, and adjust the 'Fog Length at T' to get the right density of fog. I would use the 'T' value combined with some of the noise values to create a fluctuating fog, or even to morph from a dense fog to one very nearly dissipated.

A nice, swirly smoke might use the following attributes in the nebular texture requester. I used these on a sphere primitive with diameter of 300, so use that number as a reference to fog length.

  Object color:

Object Fog length: .1

Nebular attributes: Fog Length at T:500 T:.8 Noise 1 Magnitude:5.0 Noise 1 Velocity:1.0 Noise 2 Magnitude:.2 Noise 2 Velocity:10.0 R:150 G:100 B:225

The texture axis forms a square completely inside the sphere object, whose corners touch the inside surface of the sphere.

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