Can I create 2d/3d smoke effects? How?

Tips by Andrew Andrew McDonald:

I've just been playing with the Nebular texture to create a little animated smoke. Works great, and I just thought some of you with 3.0 might make some use of this info.

Remember to render fog objects in front of a background object, and that this texture will apply to the area bounded by the texture axis, not the entire object. Scale the texture axis to affect the shape of the fog.

General Notes:

Noise 1 seems to affect the quality of the swirls. Higher numbers adjust the thickness and reduce the transparency. Noise 2 affects color transitions, color intensity of nebular color as set in texture requester, and color mixture, or grain. Grain appears as a very pointillated surface, as if there are thousands of dots of color rather than a smooth gradation or defined boundaries between object and nebula colors. Higher numbers of Noise 2 intensify the nebular color and increase grain.

Fog length and the 'T' value work together to determine amount and density of the fog appearing on the object. For stills I would set the 'T' value between .6 and .8, object fog length at .1, and adjust the 'Fog Length at T' to get the right density of fog. I would use the 'T' value combined with some of the noise values to create a fluctuating fog, or even to morph from a dense fog to one very nearly dissipated.

A nice, swirly smoke might use the following attributes in the nebular texture requester. I used these on a sphere primitive with diameter of 300, so use that number as a reference to fog length.

        Object color:   R:150   G:150   B:175

        Object Fog length:      .1

        Nebular attributes:
                Fog Length at T:500
                Noise 1 Magnitude:5.0
                Noise 1 Velocity:1.0
                Noise 2 Magnitude:.2
                Noise 2 Velocity:10.0
                R:150   G:100   B:225

The texture axis forms a square completely inside the sphere object, whose corners touch the inside surface of the sphere.

Tutorial by Massimiliano Marras:

        - Detail editor
                - Add primitives: sphere
                - Attributes: color 255,255,255      fog 140
                        clrnoiz texture:
                        color 140,140,140      r,g,b,color vary 0
                - Particles:  cube
                        random align
                        dimension 150 units
                - Save obj

        - Action editor:
                - Add particle effect to loaded sphere
                  (to all anim frames)
                        travel dista 200 units
                        scaling 1
                        time to terminal h 2
                        elasticity 50
                        time to terminal z TOT/2
                        velocity .5
                        min angle x -5
                        max angle x 5
                        wind velocity 5
                        wind angle 33
                        wind start TOT*(-1)
                        wind stop TOT
                        emission 95%
                        SET ALL OTHER VALUES TO 0

                        TOT = number of tot frames

Last Update: July 13, 1995
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